If you have a female Pug, you need to be prepared when she gets pregnant. In fact, your female Pug will only become pregnant if she is bred during her heat cycle. In general, the pregnancy will last approximately two months or 56 to 69 days from the date of the first breeding, even though this period may be slightly shorter or longer. Small breeds may deliver a week earlier while large breeds often deliver later. Over 98% of all dogs deliver their puppies without assistance or complications.
You may not be able to notice any changes in your female Pug during the first three weeks or so of pregnancy. Some females will demand more for attention, their nipples may enlarge slightly, and some may become hungrier. These are good signs, though not a guarantee of a pregnancy.
Female Pugs may show similar signs during 'false pregnancy,' a hormonal abnormality, which may occur after she has been in heat. The earliest sign that you Pug gets pregnant can be decreased appetite. Not all Pugs but a small percentage will eat less during the first few weeks of gestation, usually making up for it later in the pregnancy. You can notice another indication if there is a sudden decrease in activity, the nipple growth, and breast material will develop beneath the nipples, which will also increase slightly in preparation for eventual milk production. There is no surprise if she will have behavioral changes such as increase in affectionate behavior or an expressed desire to be left alone. However, you have to be aware that you do not give any vitamin supplements in the first month of her pregnancy; otherwise, the birth defects will be develop from too much vitamins A, D and calcium. All she needs is high quality diet. No vaccinations should take place during pregnancy, as they may harm the fetus. Vaccinations are prior to breeding only. Always visit the vet to consult for her condition, from approximate 21-25 days.
In fourth week, you will notice that your Pug’s developments such as the increase in appetite and gaining weight, the abdomen will thicken, and gentle examination of the belly will reveal a firm, rather than fat feeling to the area. Your Pug will continue to have regular, but not strenuous, exercise to help her maintain her muscle tone and not become overweight. Exercise involves a daily run to make sure all her muscles,
including her uterine muscles, are in top condition. She really needs sufficient sleep on her dog crate, at week 7, its advised to increase her meal about 25% and another 25 % on 8th week. Closer to the delivery date, your female Pug will probably start to express her nesting instincts, scratching at the floor or in her bed, and displaying signs of increasing restlessness.
During the first stage of labor the cervix begins to dilate and uterine contractions begin. These contractions are painful and perplexing to the dog. She will appear quite uncomfortable and restless - pacing, shivering and panting. She probably will not eat and she may even vomit. Some dogs whine persistently. Others occupy themselves building a nest. Take her temperature rectally twice a day, the normal dog temperature is about 100.3F - 101.3F. It will normally drop to about 98 degrees Fahrenheit, 8 - 24 hours before the onset of labor and she will refuse to eat or drink anything.
During the second stage of labor uterine contractions begin in force. As this stage progresses the placental water sacks break and a straw-colored fluid is passed. Placentas are expelled after each puppy or sporadically during labor. Pups usually appear every half-hour or so after ten to thirty minutes of forceful straining. As the pups deliver, the mother will lick the puppy clean and bite off the umbilical cord. It is important to let the mother do this, if she will, because through this process she bonds with her puppies and learns to recognize them as her own. The rough licking of the mother stimulates the puppies to breathe and improves their circulation.